• skip to content • reference desk home | videos | community | products a - b | c - d | e - h | i - o | p - s | t - z | all topics disability information|assistive technology|health|travel|sports|medical|fitness & nutrition|news jump to » article list sleep disorders information, diagnosis and treatment options is it hard for you to fall asleep or stay asleep though the night? cheepest generic cialis Do you wake up feeling tired or feel very sleepy during the day, even if you have had enough sleep? You might have a sleep disorder. According to the national institute of neurological disorders and stroke, about 40 million people in the united states suffer from chronic long-term sleep disorders each year and an additional 20 million people suffer occasional sleep problems. In fact there are more than 70 different sleep disorders that are generally classified into one of three categories: excessive sleep (e. G. Narcolepsy) disturbed sleep (e. G. Obstructive sleep apnea) lack of sleep (e. G. Insomnia) sleep disorders are a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental and emotional functioning. A test commonly ordered for some sleep disorders is the polysomnogram. Nightmares, night terrors, sleepwalking, sleep talking, head banging, wetting the bed and grinding your teeth are kinds of sleep problems called parasomnias. Dyssomnias are a broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. cheap online cialis The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i. E. , arising from within the body), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm. discount price on cialis Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder and it occurs more often in women and in the elderly. Medications and somatic treatments may provide the most rapid symptomatic relief from some sleep disturbances. Some disorders, such as narcolepsy, are best treated pharmacologically. cheap generic cialis Others, such as chronic and primary insomnia, may be more amenable to behavioral interventions, with more durable results. The amount of sleep that a person needs to function normally depends on several factors (e. G. without prescription online cialis , age). without prescription online cialis Infants sleep most of the day (about 16 hours); teenagers usually need about 9 hours a day; and adults need an average of 7 to 8 hours a day. The most common sleep disorders include: bruxism: involuntarily grinding or clenching of the teeth while sleeping delayed sleep phase syndrome (dsps): inability to awaken and fall asleep at socially acceptable times but no problem with sleep maintenance, a disorder of circadian rhythms. without prescription online cialis Other such disorders are advanced sleep phase syndrome (asps) and non-24-hour sleep-wake syndrome (non-24), both much less common than dsps. Restless legs syndrome (rls): an irresistible urge to move legs. generic sales cialis Rls sufferers often also have plmd. lowest price generic cialis Situational circadian rhythm sleep disorders: shift work sleep disorder (swsd) and jet lag hypopnea syndrome: abnormally shallow breathing or slow respiratory rate while sleeping narcolepsy: excessive daytime sleepiness, often culminating in falling asleep spontaneously and unwillingly at inappropriate times. Cataplexy, a sudden weakness in the motor muscles that could result in collapse to the floor is also common. Night terror, pavor nocturnus, sleep terror disorder: abrupt awakening from sleep with behavior consistent with terror obstructive sleep apnea: obstruction of the airway during sleep, causing lack of sufficient deep sleep; often accompanied by snoring. discount cialis Central sleep apnea is less common. Sleep paralysis is characterized by temporary paralysis of the body shortly before or after sleep. Sleep paralysis may be accompanied by visual, auditory or tactile hallucinations. Not a disorder unless severe. Often seen as part of narcolepsy. pharmacy cialis Sleepwalking or somnambulism: engaging in activities that are normally associated with wakefulness (such as eating or dressing), which may include walking, without the conscious knowledge of the subject parasomnias: disruptive sleep-related events involving inappropriate actions during sleep stages - sleep walking and night-terrors are examples. Periodic limb movement disorder (plmd): sudden involuntary movement of arms and/or legs during sleep, for example kicking the legs. Also known as nocturnal myoclonus. See also hypnic jerk, which is not a disorder. Rapid eye movement behavior disorder (rbd): acting out violent or dramatic dreams while in rem sleep. cheap cialis sales Sleep disorders articles pub. Date topic author 2012-03-17 obesity and sleeping pills - death risk scripps health 2011-09-30 your biological clock alarm clock gene salk institute 2011-09-30 early to bed early to rise keeps kids leaner american academy of sleep medicine 2011-08-08 can eating foods such as cheese cause vivid dreams disabled world 2011-07-08 non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder in blind individuals vanda pharmaceuticals 2011-06-15 good sleepers enjoy better quality of life and less depression american academy of sleep medicine 2011-02-09 higher risk of strokes and heart attacks with late nights university of warwick 2011-01-12 sleep disorders - breathing university of copenhagen 2010-12-18 the high price of sleep disorders university of copenhagen 2010-11-12 sleep makes your memories stronger association for psychological science 2010-10-26 poor and lack of sleep threatening adolescents with premature heart disease and stroke heart and stroke foundation of canada 2010-10-25 sleep disturbance association with work disability academy of finland 2010-09-09 medication for insomnia or anxiety increases mortality risk laval university 2010-09-07 short sleepers at higher risk of diabetes and heart disease university of warwick 2010-09-02 circadian rhythms and body cycles european co.